Tools I used:
- socket wrench
- 14mm socket
- oil catch pan
- 2.4L – 2.7L of 10W40 Synthetic or 10W40 Motorcycle Oil
- Oil Filter (KN-138 or HF138) I prefer KN-138
- torque wrench (optional)
- funnel (optional)
- gloves (optional)
- rear stand (optional)
1) Get the engine warmed up to make the oil drain out easier and more completely. Then put the bike on a rear stand. I prefer the rear stand over the side stand as it helps the oil drain out. You could also hold the bike while it is draining.
2) Place the oil catch pan under the bike
3) Locate the oil drain bolt on the left side of the engine underneath.
Loosen it with a 14mm socket or wrench. I usually brake it loose with the wrench and finish by hand. Go slow towards the end as the oil will come out quickly and it will be hot.
4) Loosen the oil filter which is located on the front of the engine under the bike.
This can almost always be done by hand. If it is stuck, use an oil filter wrench or buy the K&N KN-138 next time and use a normal wrench.
Once it is loose, the oil will start to leak out. It will be hot, so be careful. Be careful of the exhaust header which will also be hot. This is why I like gloves.
5) Locate the oil fill cap on the right side of the engine.
Remove it to assist in draining the oil.
6) After the oil has finished draining, put a new filter on. I like the KN-138. Tighten it by hand to snug then about a 1/4 to 1/2 past. If you use a wrench, it will likely get too tight and be difficult to remove later. I also like to add a thin coat of oil on the seal before I put it on the engine.
7) Replace the oil drain bolt and use a new crush washer if necessary. Tighten to 21 Nm or until you feel the crush washer crush, and then a tiny bit more.
8) I use a funnel to avoid making a mess when filling the engine with oil.
Use a good oil that is designed for motorcycles 10W40.
Fill until the oil level is in between the two lines (F and L) when the bike is level. A 99-2002 (K1-K2) will use 2.4L of oil with a filter change and 2003+ (K3+) will use 2.7L of oil with a filter change. The oil level will change slightly after starting the engine.
9) Replace the oil filler cap
10) Start the engine and let it run for a minute. Check for leaks at the oil drain plug and oil filter. Tighten if necessary.
11) Go for a ride!
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